• In Uttar Pradesh, an order was issued by the state government on 18th April 2018 to ensure the setup of PALNA Centers at medical colleges, district, and sub-district hospitals to save new-borns abandoned by their parents.
  • There will be the arrangement of proper treatment of infants. The cradles will be fitted with a bell by which the staff can be alerted to the arrival of the child.
  • After that, the baby can be taken to the local child welfare committee and screened further to evaluate if it is fit for adoption.
  • This scheme will also help bridge the gap between the number of children available for adoption and the burgeoning list of adoptive parents.
  • This will help in tackling the problem of abandoning the infant at the roadside.

RBI Leaves Rates Unchanged

On February 7, 2018, the monetary Policy Committee of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in its bi-monthly review decided not to change interest rates. The repo rate (the rate at which RBI infuses liquidity into the banking system) was kept at 6 per cent. Of the six members of the monetary policy committee, five, namely, Chetan Ghate, Pami Dua, Ravindra H. Dholakia, Viral V. Acharya and Urjit R. Patel, voted in favour of keeping the rates unchanged, while one, Michael Debabrata Patra, wanted the rates raised by 25 basis points.The committee headed by RBI Governor Urjit Patel had last reduced the benchmark lending rate by 0.25 percentage points to 6 per cent, bringing it to a 6-year low, in August 2017.

On the price front, the central bank warned about inflation: the March quarter Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation forecast was raised to 5.1 per cent; an inflation range of 5.1-5.6 per cent was projected in the first half of the next fiscal year.

Among the reasons the RBI listed for the uncertainties clouding the inflation outlook were: the staggered impact of the increase in housing rent allowance made by the state governments, rising price of crude oil and other commodities in the wake of a pick-up in global growth, rise in minimum support prices for kharif crops, the budget’s increase of custom duties and the fiscal slippage.

The RBI, however, looks optimistically at the economic growth front, projecting an acceleration in economic growth to 7.2 per cent from the 6.6 per cent in the current fiscal year. This projection is based on a number of factors such as revival in investment demand and strengthening exports.

In the light of the signs of recovery being seen in the economy, the RBI seems to have decided that it had to nurture that recovery by holding the interest rates despite the threat of inflation. Future decisions on rates would be driven by data pertaining to growth and inflation,and could be in either direction.

Factors that augur well for the economic growth included the stabilising goods and services tax (GST) regime, improving credit offtake, rising capital goods production and recapitalisation of banks, according to the monetary policy committee. On the flip side were “the deterioration in public finances risks crowding out of private financing and investment.”

The decision of the monetary policy committee is consistent with the neutral stance of monetary policy in keeping with the objective of achieving the medium-term target for CPI inflation of 4 per cent within a band of +/- 2 per cent, while supporting growth.

Points to Note

  • A basis point is one-hundredth of a percentage point.
  • As the repo rate has not changed, the reverse repo rate under the LAF remains at 5.75 per cent, and the marginal standing facility (MSF) rate and the Bank Rate at 6.25 per cent.
  • Inflation as measured by the CPI has been rising and has exceeded 4 per cent, the central bank’s medium-term target, for two consecutive months.
  • CPI inflation had gone up to 5.21 per cent in December 2017, the fastest pace in 17 months, from 4.88 per cent in November 2017. The increase was partly due to the statistical impact of a low base.
  • RBI projected retail inflation in the range of 5.1-5.6 per cent for the first half of 2018-19, while assuming a normal monsoon.
  • The monetary policy committee has a mandate to ensure inflation remains in a band between 2 per cent and 6 per cent.
  • System liquidityis currently in surplus, but is steadily moving towards its stated objective of neutral mode.
  • The central bank’s liquidity operations are driven by the objectives of its monetary policy and the need to meet reserve demands of the economy.

SC Stays Ban on Padmavat Movie


Certain states of India have issued notifications that the movie Padmavat is not to be released in their respective states. On January 18, 2018, the Supreme Court stayed these notifications and orders.

The movie has been certified by the CBFC.

A bench headed by Chief Justice Dipak Misra and including Justices A. M.Khanwilkar and D. Y.Chandrachud also restrained other states from issuing such notifications or orders banning the exhibition of the film.

The Supreme Court ordered all states to see to it that public law and order is maintained during the screening of the film across the country.The three-judge Bench led by the Chief Justice, quoting its 2011 Prakash Jha judgment, observed in a detailed order that it is “the duty and obligation of the State to maintain law and order”.

The Chief Justice of India observed, “The whole problem when exhibition of a film is stopped like this, my constitutional conscience shocks me.”

The bench noted that creative content including theatre and cinema are inseparable aspects of Right to Freedom and Expression guaranteed under the Constitution.

It was pointed out by the court that the movie may not do well in the box office because people decide not to see it, but the State could not ban its exhibition on grounds of risk to public order.

It was also pointed out that after the CBFC had issued a certificate to a film under the Cinematograph Act of 1952, the State has no power to prohibit the exhibition of the film.The court held that “once the Parliament has conferred the responsibility and power on a statutory board and the board has certified the film, non-exhibition of the film by states is contrary to statutory provisions.”

The apex court further ordered that the artists and other people involved in the movies be protected from threats.

The court was hearing a petition by the makers of the movie, Padmavat, against the moves made by the BJP-ruled states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh against the movie.While Gujarat and Rajasthan had issued notifications on January 5 and 17, respectively, prohibiting the screening, Haryana had in-principle decided to ban the exhibition of the movie, and the Madhya Pradesh government had made statements of intention to ban the screening of the movie.

The Supreme Court dismissed the argument by Gujarat and Rajasthan, represented by Additional Solicitor General Tushar Mehta, that CBFC could not be aware of the security risks and public order situation. It was the State’s right to act to prevent “breach of peace”.

Harish Salve, who was representing the petitioners, argued that the film Padmavat had been certified by the CBFC after certain changes were made. “States,” he said, “cannot throw the CBFC certificate in the dustbin. This is lawlessness. States cannot ban screening to appease their political constituency. This will lead to constitutional breakdown.” He further submitted that “Certifying a film is a statutory act under a central law. States cannot defy the Supreme Court and encroach into Union territory merely because it is politically convenient.”

Senior advocate Mukul Rohatgi said on behalf of the movie makers that “States cannot become super censors”.

The matter will be taken up for further hearing on March 26.

In 2011, the Supreme Court ‘quashed and set aside’ the two-month ban imposed by the Uttar Pradesh government on the screening of filmmaker Prakash Jha’sAarakshan. In that judgment, the court had said that once the CBFC has cleared the film for public viewing, screening of the same cannot be prohibited in the manner sought to be done by the State. It is the responsibility of the state governments to maintain law and order.


Spectrum Handbook for General Studies Paper-1 Edition 2018


India Fires Agni-5


On January 18, 2018, India was successful in testing Agni-5, the surface-to-surface ballistic missile.

Agni-5 was fired from a canister launcher, mounted on a mobile platform, from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Abdul Kalam Island (earlier known as Wheeler Island).

Agni-5, capable of carrying nuclear warheads, and the most advanced missile in the Agni series, traveled for 19 minutes and covered 4,900 km.

The user associate test-flight has further boosted indigenous missile capabilities and deterrence strength of the country.

This was the first user associate test of the Agni-5 after four developmental trials.

Agni-5 incorporates new technologies of navigation and guidance, warhead, and engine.

According to DRDO sources, the “high speed onboard computer and fault tolerant software along with robust and reliable bus guided the missile flawlessly.” It was also pointed that the “redundant navigation systems, very high accuracy Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigation System and the most modern and accurate Micro Navigation System had ensured the missile reached the target point within few meters of accuracy.”

Agni-5is to be a three-stage solid fuelled missile with composite motor casing in the third stage. It will be capable of carrying multiple warheads and have the ability to display countermeasures against anti-ballistic missile systems.

The missile is programmed to ensure that on reaching the peak of its trajectory it will turn towards the earth to travel towards the intended target with an increased speed as the earth’s gravitational pull acts on it.

The advanced on-board computer and inertial navigation system is designed to precisely direct the missile’s path.

In 2012 and 2013, the first two successful flights of the Agni-V were conducted in open configuration. The third (2015), fourth (2016) and the fifth (the latest) were in its deliverable configuration; this enables the missile to be launched with a much shorter time for preparation as compared to what is required for an open configuration. Besides, there are the advantages of being more reliable, having a longer shelf life, requiring less maintenance and having enhanced mobility.

India’s Agni series has Agni-1 with 700 km range, Agni-2 with 2000 km range, Agni-3 and Agni-4 with 2500 km to more than 3500 km range.

With Agni-5, India joins the group of countries with inter-continental ballistic missiles (ICBM)along with the US, Britain, Russia, China, and France.

Spectrum Handbook for General Studies Paper-1 Edition 2018



Current Events November Part-1

Current Events November

Current Events November


Who won Kenyan’s presidential elections in Oct 2017?

ANSWER:Uhuru Kenyatta
30th Oct 2017 Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta was declared the winner of the country’s deeply divisive elections, taking 98% of the ballots cast in a poll boycotted by his rival Raila Odinga. 


Which  veteran actor, playwright is to be honoured with a Lifetime Achievement Award at Tata Literature Live!

ANSWER: Girish Karnad
Veteran actor Girish Karnad will be honoured with Lifetime Achievement Award at the upcoming Tata Literature Live! The Mumbai LitFest


Who has been selected for the Mathrubhumi Literary award for 2016 for contribution to Malayalam literature?

Eminent critic, biographer and orator M K Sanu has been selected for the Mathrubhumi Literary Award for 2016.


The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs  has approved the continuation of which scheme as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR)? 

ANSWER: Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana
The CCEA chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the continuation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for 3 years i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.


Who has been appointed CEO of the joint venture between Bharti Enterprises and AXA?

ANSWER: Vikas Seth

Which insurance company in India is the first to give cover for victims of cybercrime?

ANSWER: Bajaj Allianz
For the first time, an insurance company is selling , including loss of funds to online fraud, identity theft, phishing ,cyberstalking ,extortion etc


Modern India

A Brief History of Modern India (Hindi)

Indian Polity

Indian Polity (Hindi)


Current Events October 2017 Part-4

Current Events October 2017

Current Events October


Govt. of India and World Bank have signed a USD 200 million loan agreement for which state’s agribusiness and rural transformation? 

Answer: Assam
The Government of India and the World Bank signed a $200 million Loan Agreement for the Assam Agribusiness and Rural Transformation Project.The $200 million loan from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), has a 7-year grace period, and a maturity of 16.5 years.


Which country’s Central Bank is planning to block access to crypto-currencies websites?

Answer :Russian Central Bank. 


Who won the Hridaynath Mangeshkar award in 2017?

Answer :Writer-lyricist Javed Akhtar has been honoured with the Hridaynath Mangeshkar Award this year


Which badminton player from India won his 4th Super series title of the year at the French Open 2017?

Answer: Kidambi Srikanth

Kidambi Srikanth claimed his fourth Super series title of the year from five entries into the finals of the French Open 2017. 


Which planet was discovered by NASA’s MAVEN to have a twisted magnetic tail?

Answer: Mars

Nasa’s MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Mission) spacecraft, which has been orbiting Mars since 2014, has been gathering data that will allow scientists to study the upper atmosphere of the Planet Mars


On 23rd Oct 2017, Who has been appointed the representative of India to carry forward dialogue in J&K?

Answer : Dineshwar Sharma

The Govt of India appointed Dineshwar Sharma, former Director of Intelligence Bureau, as the Representative of Government of India to initiate and carry forward a dialogue with the elected representatives, various organizations and concerned individuals in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.


Which of the following is the title of a coffee table book on Department of Defence Production?

Answer: A Journey Towards Self Reliance

It chronicles the post-independence years of development, indigenisation and production of arms, ammunition and defence equipment, with a view to achieve self-reliance for the Armed Forces of India.

Science and Technology

Indian Polity